java.util

Interface Collection<E>

All Superinterfaces:
Iterable<E>
Known Subinterfaces:
BeanContext, BeanContextServices, BlockingDeque<E>, BlockingQueue<E>, Deque<E>, List<E>, NavigableSet<E>, Queue<E>, Set<E>, SortedSet<E>
Known Implementing Classes:
AbstractCollection<E>, AbstractList<E>, AbstractQueue<E>, AbstractSequentialList<E>, AbstractSet<E>, ArrayBlockingQueue<E>, ArrayDeque<E>, ArrayList<E>, AttributeList, BeanContextServicesSupport, BeanContextSupport, ConcurrentLinkedQueue<E>, ConcurrentSkipListSet<E>, CopyOnWriteArrayList<E>, CopyOnWriteArraySet<E>, DelayQueue<E,extends,Delayed>, EnumSet<T,extends,Enum,T>, HashSet<T>, JobStateReasons, LinkedBlockingDeque<E>, LinkedBlockingQueue<E>, LinkedHashSet<T>, LinkedList<T>, PriorityBlockingQueue<E>, PriorityQueue<E>, Stack<T>, SynchronousQueue<E>, TreeSet<T>, Vector<T>

public interface Collection<E>
extends Iterable<E>

Interface that represents a collection of objects. This interface is the root of the collection hierarchy, and does not provide any guarantees about the order of its elements or whether or not duplicate elements are permitted.

All methods of this interface that are defined to modify the collection are defined as optional. An optional operation may throw an UnsupportedOperationException if the data backing this collection does not support such a modification. This may mean that the data structure is immutable, or that it is read-only but may change ("unmodifiable"), or that it is modifiable but of fixed size (such as an array), or any number of other combinations.

A class that wishes to implement this interface should consider subclassing AbstractCollection, which provides basic implementations of most of the methods of this interface. Classes that are prepared to make guarantees about ordering or about absence of duplicate elements should consider implementing List or Set respectively, both of which are subinterfaces of Collection.

A general-purpose implementation of the Collection interface should in most cases provide at least two constructors: One which takes no arguments and creates an empty collection, and one which takes a Collection as an argument and returns a collection containing the same elements (that is, creates a copy of the argument using its own implementation).

Since:
1.2
See Also:
List, Set, Map, SortedSet, SortedMap, HashSet, TreeSet, ArrayList, LinkedList, Vector, Collections, Arrays, AbstractCollection

Method Summary

T[] toArray(T[] a)
Copy the current contents of this collection into an array.
boolean
add(E o)
Add an element to this collection.
boolean
addAll(E> c)
Add the contents of a given collection to this collection.
void
clear()
Clear the collection, such that a subsequent call to isEmpty() would return true.
boolean
contains(Object o)
Test whether this collection contains a given object as one of its elements.
boolean
containsAll(Collection c)
Test whether this collection contains every element in a given collection.
boolean
equals(Object o)
Test whether this collection is equal to some object.
int
hashCode()
Obtain a hash code for this collection.
boolean
isEmpty()
Test whether this collection is empty, that is, if size() == 0.
Iterator
iterator()
Obtain an Iterator over this collection.
boolean
remove(Object o)
Remove a single occurrence of an object from this collection.
boolean
removeAll(Collection c)
Remove all elements of a given collection from this collection.
boolean
retainAll(Collection c)
Remove all elements of this collection that are not contained in a given collection.
int
size()
Get the number of elements in this collection.
Object[]
toArray()
Copy the current contents of this collection into an array.

Methods inherited from interface java.lang.Iterable<E>

iterator

Method Details

T[] toArray

public  T[] toArray(T[] a)
Copy the current contents of this collection into an array. If the array passed as an argument has length less than the size of this collection, an array of the same run-time type as a, and length equal to the size of this collection, is allocated using Reflection. Otherwise, a itself is used. The elements of this collection are copied into it, and if there is space in the array, the following element is set to null. The resultant array is returned. Note: The fact that the following element is set to null is only useful if it is known that this collection does not contain any null elements.
Parameters:
a - the array to copy this collection into.
Returns:
an array containing the elements currently in this collection, in any order.
Throws:
ArrayStoreException - if the type of any element of the collection is not a subtype of the element type of a.

add

public boolean add(E o)
Add an element to this collection.
Parameters:
o - the object to add.
Returns:
true if the collection was modified as a result of this action.
Throws:
UnsupportedOperationException - if this collection does not support the add operation.
ClassCastException - if o cannot be added to this collection due to its type.
NullPointerException - if o is null and this collection doesn't support the addition of null values.
IllegalArgumentException - if o cannot be added to this collection for some other reason.

addAll

public boolean addAll(E> c)
Add the contents of a given collection to this collection.
Parameters:
c - the collection to add.
Returns:
true if the collection was modified as a result of this action.
Throws:
UnsupportedOperationException - if this collection does not support the addAll operation.
ClassCastException - if some element of c cannot be added to this collection due to its type.
NullPointerException - if some element of c is null and this collection does not support the addition of null values.
NullPointerException - if c itself is null.
IllegalArgumentException - if some element of c cannot be added to this collection for some other reason.

clear

public void clear()
Clear the collection, such that a subsequent call to isEmpty() would return true.
Throws:
UnsupportedOperationException - if this collection does not support the clear operation.

contains

public boolean contains(Object o)
Test whether this collection contains a given object as one of its elements.
Parameters:
o - the element to look for.
Returns:
true if this collection contains at least one element e such that o == null ? e == null : o.equals(e).
Throws:
ClassCastException - if the type of o is not a valid type for this collection.
NullPointerException - if o is null and this collection doesn't support null values.

containsAll

public boolean containsAll(Collection c)
Test whether this collection contains every element in a given collection.
Parameters:
c - the collection to test for.
Returns:
true if for every element o in c, contains(o) would return true.
Throws:
ClassCastException - if the type of any element in c is not a valid type for this collection.
NullPointerException - if some element of c is null and this collection does not support null values.
NullPointerException - if c itself is null.

equals

public boolean equals(Object o)
Test whether this collection is equal to some object. The Collection interface does not explicitly require any behaviour from this method, and it may be left to the default implementation provided by Object. The Set and List interfaces do, however, require specific behaviour from this method.

If an implementation of Collection, which is not also an implementation of Set or List, should choose to implement this method, it should take care to obey the contract of the equals method of Object. In particular, care should be taken to return false when o is a Set or a List, in order to preserve the symmetry of the relation.

Overrides:
equals in interface Object
Parameters:
o - the object to compare to this collection.
Returns:
true if the o is equal to this collection.

hashCode

public int hashCode()
Obtain a hash code for this collection. The Collection interface does not explicitly require any behaviour from this method, and it may be left to the default implementation provided by Object. The Set and List interfaces do, however, require specific behaviour from this method.

If an implementation of Collection, which is not also an implementation of Set or List, should choose to implement this method, it should take care to obey the contract of the hashCode method of Object. Note that this method renders it impossible to correctly implement both Set and List, as the required implementations are mutually exclusive.

Overrides:
hashCode in interface Object
Returns:
a hash code for this collection.

isEmpty

public boolean isEmpty()
Test whether this collection is empty, that is, if size() == 0.
Returns:
true if this collection contains no elements.

iterator

public Iterator iterator()
Obtain an Iterator over this collection.
Specified by:
iterator in interface Iterable<E>
Returns:
an Iterator over the elements of this collection, in any order.

remove

public boolean remove(Object o)
Remove a single occurrence of an object from this collection. That is, remove an element e, if one exists, such that o == null ? e == null : o.equals(e).
Parameters:
o - the object to remove.
Returns:
true if the collection changed as a result of this call, that is, if the collection contained at least one occurrence of o.
Throws:
UnsupportedOperationException - if this collection does not support the remove operation.
ClassCastException - if the type of o is not a valid type for this collection.
NullPointerException - if o is null and the collection doesn't support null values.

removeAll

public boolean removeAll(Collection c)
Remove all elements of a given collection from this collection. That is, remove every element e such that c.contains(e).
Parameters:
c - The collection of objects to be removed.
Returns:
true if this collection was modified as a result of this call.
Throws:
UnsupportedOperationException - if this collection does not support the removeAll operation.
ClassCastException - if the type of any element in c is not a valid type for this collection.
NullPointerException - if some element of c is null and this collection does not support removing null values.
NullPointerException - if c itself is null.

retainAll

public boolean retainAll(Collection c)
Remove all elements of this collection that are not contained in a given collection. That is, remove every element e such that !c.contains(e).
Parameters:
c - The collection of objects to be retained.
Returns:
true if this collection was modified as a result of this call.
Throws:
UnsupportedOperationException - if this collection does not support the retainAll operation.
ClassCastException - if the type of any element in c is not a valid type for this collection.
NullPointerException - if some element of c is null and this collection does not support retaining null values.
NullPointerException - if c itself is null.

size

public int size()
Get the number of elements in this collection.
Returns:
the number of elements in the collection.

toArray

public Object[] toArray()
Copy the current contents of this collection into an array.
Returns:
an array of type Object[] and length equal to the size of this collection, containing the elements currently in this collection, in any order.

Collection.java -- Interface that represents a collection of objects Copyright (C) 1998, 2001, 2004, 2005 Free Software Foundation, Inc. This file is part of GNU Classpath. GNU Classpath is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any later version. GNU Classpath is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details. You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with GNU Classpath; see the file COPYING. If not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA. Linking this library statically or dynamically with other modules is making a combined work based on this library. Thus, the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License cover the whole combination. As a special exception, the copyright holders of this library give you permission to link this library with independent modules to produce an executable, regardless of the license terms of these independent modules, and to copy and distribute the resulting executable under terms of your choice, provided that you also meet, for each linked independent module, the terms and conditions of the license of that module. An independent module is a module which is not derived from or based on this library. If you modify this library, you may extend this exception to your version of the library, but you are not obligated to do so. If you do not wish to do so, delete this exception statement from your version.